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Tree Felling and Removal Techniques

Professsional tree surgery techniques used by Myers Tree Care

Tree surgeon makes cuts at the base of a treeTree Felling “In One”:

Tree felling in one is undertaken at ground level and requires a designated area for the tree to fall safely into. If the tree has a perfectly balanced canopy and there is no wind, then the tree surgeon will undertake a series of cuts to the base of the tree causing it to fall into the designated area. Once on the floor, the tree care team will proceed to dismantle the tree for removal off site.

If the tree to be felled has an unbalanced canopy or there is wind, then a rope will be installed into the tree. This may be done by a climber but can also be achieved from ground level with a throw line, a small bag filled with lead and fine line, which is thrown into the canopy as high as possible. The throw line is used to install a larger pulling line that can be used to aid the tree’s fall into the felling zone. If there were a considerable issue of the tree being unbalanced then a winch can be added to the rope to ensure that the tree falls in the correct direction.

Myers Tree Care is Manchester's leading tree surgeon in the area of sectional tree felling

Sectional Tree Felling:

In most urban situations sectional felling is normally the only option, as hazards or obstacles are often within close proximity to the tree. The operation of sectional felling to remove trees can take more time than other work plans but offers much more precision and control. It is often the only way to achieve safe removal of a tree without high risk to life and limb, or damage to surrounding property.

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A tree surgeon sectional felling from a great height over Brabyns Park, Marple.
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A tree surgeon sectional felling on Dan Bank, Marple, for Stockport Council.
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A tree care operative using a friction lowering device during sectional felling at All Saints' Church, Marple.
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The tree surgeon ponders his next move during sectional felling of a large tree.
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A tree care operative using a friction pully device to safely lower a large tree branch.
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The operation of sectional felling is undertaken as follows: the climber will access the highest / safest point of the tree and install his climbing line, rigging block and bull line (pulley and lowering line). Once these are installed the tree surgeon will then decide where to start dismantling – this is usually the lowest branch. All the cut material is lowered to the ground with a great deal of care and precision, the ground crew run the lowering rope through a friction device to aid in taking the full weight of the branch. This process then gets repeated until all the side branches are removed.

Once all the side growth has been removed, the climber / tree surgeon will then start ‘topping down’ the stem in sections. This is quite difficult to undertake and requires good communication between climber and ground crew because the cut timber is within close proximity to the climber. Once cut, the climber will push the cut section off the top and it will then be under the control of the ground crew, who will lower it to the ground and avoid ‘shock loading’ the tree and lowering equipment. This is very important as shock loading an unsound tree could have dangerous consequences and cause the structure to fail.

Sectional felling with a mobile crane:

Sectional felling with the aid of a mobile crane is by far the easiest, fastest and safest method that can be employed to remove a tree. Over the years we at Myers Tree Care have perfected this method thanks to close liaison with a local crane company.  The operation is undertaken as follows: once the crane is set up in the best location that is close to the tree, the climber will access the tree as normal and climb to the highest point and install his climbing line. Once the climber is happy with his position he will communicate with the crane operator via radio communication headsets. The crane operator will then guide the crane hook into position above the climber’s head and the lifting sling will be set onto the tree and hook. Once set, the climber will request the crane operator to place light tension onto the sling. The climber will then descend the tree to a pre-determined position, remove his climbing line and then reinstall it. Once both the climber and crane operator are happy the lift can commence.  The climber will undertake a series of precision cuts and will then instruct the crane operator to lift, once it has broken free the section will be lifted clear of the climber and then lowered into the designated area for dismantling, this process is then repeated until the whole tree has been removed.

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Removal of a large Manchester Polar with crane in Stockport.
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A section of tree is lifted away from the tree surgeon / climber by crane.
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A mobile elevating platform is used in a confined space to dismantle a tree.
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Controlled sectional felling of a Beech tree with the employment of the crane at the entrance to Memorial Park, Marple, Stockport.
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A mobile elevating work platform is about to be used to assist in the felling of a tree.
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Read about some of the reasons for felling and removal of mature trees......